Friday, December 9, 2011

U.S. Federal Innovation 44: Using Vaccines to Prevent Disease 

Vaccination of a Girl
Flu vaccines commonly make headlines during the winter, but federal efforts to promote vaccines for many illnesses have been paying off:

The impact of two vaccines has been particularly striking. Following the introduction of pneumococcal conjugate vaccine, an estimated 211,000 serious pneumococcal infections and 13,000 deaths were prevented during 2000--2008. Routine rotavirus vaccination, implemented in 2006, now prevents an estimated 40,000--60,000 rotavirus hospitalizations each year. Advances also were made in the use of older vaccines, with reported cases of hepatitis A, hepatitis B, and varicella at record lows by the end of the decade. Age-specific mortality (i.e., deaths per million population) from varicella for persons age <20 years, declined by 97% from 0.65 in the prevaccine period (1990--1994) to 0.02 during 2005--2007. Average age-adjusted mortality (deaths per million population) from hepatitis A also declined significantly, from 0.38 in the prevaccine period (1990--1995) to 0.26 during 2000--2004.

Source: Centers for Disease Control.

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