Sponsored by the National Institutes of Health, "...the Human Connectome Project (HCP) aims to provide an unparalleled compilation of neural data, an interface to graphically navigate this data and the opportunity to achieve never before realized conclusions about the living human brain. Starting in 2012, HCP scientists will perform high-resolution resting-state fMRI and diffusion imaging on 1,200 healthy adults. To make possible studies of the heritability of brain circuits and their associated traits, the study population will include 300 twin pairs and their siblings. Some study participants will also undergo traditional fMRI, which documents brain changes during the performance of tasks, and magneto/electroencephalography. The images obtained will be made freely available to researchers, along with the study participants' genotypes and results on tests of sensory, motor, and cognitive function. A supercomputer and a user-friendly toolbox of advanced computer programs will be available for researchers who wish to use the resulting vast datasets to answer questions about brain structure and function."