U.S. Federal Innovation 31: Assessing Educational Progress
Established in 1964 with a grant from the Carnegie Foundation, the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) is the "...largest continuing and nationally representative assessment of what our nation’s students know and can do in core subjects." A congressionally mandated project managed by the National Center for Educational Statistics (NCES), the NAEP conducts frequent assessments of mathematics, reading, science and writing abilities of K-12 students. Assessments of the arts, civics, economics, geography, and U.S. history are administered less frequently. Results of the assessments are published as The Nation's Report Card.