In the early 1960s, at a time when mainstream computing companies were concerned with efficiently using punchcards to satisfy business computing needs, Joseph Carl Robnett Licklider was envisioning a network of computers that would help people think. Implemented as ARPANET, this innovation funded by the federal Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA) planted the seed that later became the Internet. Even in its infancy, the ARPANET included online bulletin boards, e-mail,
virtual friendships, an open-source software exchange, and hackers. Source: DARPA and the Internet Revolution.